ECCD is a priority in Indonesia with the 2003 inclusion of Early Childhood Development (ECD) within the National Education System Law No. 20, a Presidential Declaration on
Holistic and Integrated ECD (HI-ECD), and launching of the first National ECD
Census in 2011. The issuance of the HI-ECD by Government of Indonesia is an
essential step in ensuring coordination across different provinces and
Early childhood education (ECE), in particular, is a priority. ECE has been included
in key policy documents, including the National Education System Law No. 20 in 2003 and the Ministry of Education and Culture’s Strategic Plan (RencanaStrategis or RENSTRA) in 2014.
Indonesia is one of the countries with experience of community
involvement in expanding the availability of ECCD. Furthermore, community participationin ECCE is dominant in Indonesia as it comprises of at least 95% of enrolment in 2013 (from total 195,000 ECD centers throughoutIndonesia[PC1] ).
To expand access of children under 6 to ECD services, governmentof Indonesia has promoted 1 villageone ECD centers, however, among 88,000 villages in Indonesia, there are stillaround 22,000 villagestilldo not have ECD centerand 28% childrenunder 6 doesn’tgetany ECD services.
1. Lack of awareness and understanding about ECD among leaders.
2. Lack of effective investment strategy and coordination among actors and stakeholders.
3. Lack of leadershipand courage on ECD. Lack of methodology, model, and methods of innovative ECD that is Indonesia-contextualized; at times best practices were not sustained
1. Capacity building and promotion among policy makers, managers, practitioners.
2. Monitoring and evaluation to facilitate strategic investment
on ECD. Inclusive ECD that supports the neediest.
1. National Development Planning Agency: Coordinates Planning of All Ministries on ECD, Coordinate in developing
National Strategies and National Development Plan. Coordinating
Human Development and Culture coordinates ECD programs across sectorial ministries.
2. Ministryof Religious Affairs
3. Ministryof Health
8. National Family Planning Agency.
· Education & parenting àMoE, MoRA, Family Planning Body
· Health àMoH Social issues (disabled
children and poor families) àMoSW
1. Child Protection Law
Number 23/ 2002
2. National Education System Lawnumber
3. National Strategy on Holistic Integrative ECD) 2006
4. Education Ministry Regulation no 58, 2009 on PAUD
HI standards Presidential Regulation no 60, 2013 on Holistic Integrative ECD
1. Mother-tongue based preschool education
Noteworthy aspects: Introduction of
mother-tongue languages early on ensures a solid foundation for children’s
Achievements: Services provided include
mother-tongue based curriculum, teacher training, assistance for curriculum
adaptations into other languages.
2. PosYandu community-based
health service for under-5
organization or PKK)
Noteworthy aspects: Service provide once a
month monitoring on health and nutrition of under-five children by weighing and
giving supplementary feeding. This is a community- and women-led service.
Achievement: Sustainable services
available in sub-village level.
3. ECD centers led
by private foundation
Noteworthy aspects: High participation of
private sector in ECD. Majority of the ECD centers within Indonesia belong to the
private foundations. The government has only set up one or two centers in a
district with the rest – possibly over 500 centers -are provided by private
Achievement: In 2015, there is an increased
coverage ECD service of 72% for the total aged 5-6 children which supports
school readiness efforts.
“The character development of children cannot be ignored. Golden age period of the
child is between 0-5 years old. In this period, the child’s brain is growing
rapidly. Children will be able to absorb the things in front of them, which
would affect the character and morals of children.”